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  • Writer's picturePositivity Team

Child labor in India is a concerning issue.


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Child labor in India is a concerning issue, and to address this problem, there are several laws and regulations in place to protect the rights of children and prevent their exploitation in the workforce. Here are some of the key laws governing child labor in India:

  1. The Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986: This is the primary legislation that governs child labor in India. It prohibits the employment of children below the age of 14 years in certain hazardous occupations and processes. It also regulates the conditions of work for children in non-hazardous occupations, ensuring they are not subjected to undue stress or long working hours.

  2. Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act (RTE), 2009: The RTE Act mandates free and compulsory education for all children aged 6 to 14 years. By providing education opportunities, this act aims to reduce child labor by ensuring that children attend school rather than being engaged in labor.

  3. Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015: While primarily focusing on the care and protection of children in need of care and protection, this act also prohibits the employment of children in hazardous occupations. It seeks to rehabilitate and reintegrate children involved in child labor into society.

  4. The Mines Act, 1952, and The Factories Act, 1948: These acts prohibit the employment of children in mines and factories, ensuring their safety and well-being.

  5. The Plantations Labour Act, 1951: This act prohibits child labor in plantations and provides for welfare measures for children residing in plantations.

  6. The Bonded Labour System (Abolition) Act, 1976: While not specific to child labor, this act prohibits bonded labor, which is often linked to child labor practices.

  7. The Child and Adolescent Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Rules, 1988: These rules provide further details and guidelines related to the implementation of the Child Labour Act.

Despite these laws and regulations, child labor remains a persistent issue in India due to various socio-economic factors. Enforcement and implementation of these laws can be challenging, especially in remote areas and informal sectors. The government and various NGOs continue to work together to combat child labor through awareness campaigns, rescue operations, and rehabilitation programs.

It is essential for all stakeholders, including the government, civil society, and individuals, to join hands in eradicating child labor and providing every child with the right to education, health, and a safe childhood.

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